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Including Privileges

Understanding Privilege Inclusion

Privilege inclusion stands as a foundational concept in access control, involving the nesting of one or more privileges within another to create a hierarchical structure. This approach enables the inheritance of permissions, simplifying the management of access rights.

Benefits of Privilege Inclusion

Privilege inclusion provides substantial advantages, enhancing the efficiency and flexibility of access control:

BenefitsPurposePractical Application
Granular ControlEmpowers administrators for precise user access control.In a healthcare system, it's used to manage access to patient records with healthcare providers granted access to only relevant medical information, ensuring fine-tuned control over sensitive data.
Efficient ManagementHierarchical privileges reduce redundancy in permission assignments.In large enterprises, it's used to set overarching permissions for departments or roles. For example, a marketing team might inherit common access rights without individual configurations.
Flexibility and AdaptabilityEnables a flexible and adaptable access control model.In a rapidly evolving technology company, it's used to integrate access rights for new tools without disrupting existing configurations.
Nuanced Access RestrictionsAllows for nuanced access restrictions.In a financial institution, it's used to enforce specific access restrictions for different departments. For instance, the finance team might have additional access rights to sensitive financial data, while other departments have restricted access.

Including Privilege Use Case


The ManageReports privilege grants the Sales Manager role access to the Reporting dataclass, with the exception of the delete permission:

However, the addition of the ManageFinancials privilege introduces specialized restrictions for anyone outside the financial department, including access to netProfitMargin and totalExpenses attributes and deletion permissions within the Reporting dataclass:

Intra-Privilege Relationships

In a Financial Manager role, two privileges exist: ManageReports for reviewing and creating reports, and ManageFinancials for deleting reports or accessing sensitive data.

In this case, the ManageFinancials privilege operates within the constraints set by the ManageReports privilege, adding supplementary permissions, ensuring nuanced control over data access.

Given the structured inheritance of permissions, an efficient approach consolidates these into a singular privilege. By including ManageReports within ManageFinancials, a unified privilege is formed, providing the Financial Manager with streamlined permissions.

Including Privilege Configuration

To include the ManageReports privilege within the scope of ManageFinancials:

  1. Start by selecting the ManageFinancials privilege
  2. In the interface, you'll encounter a list of tags representing previously created privileges.
  3. Include the ManageReports privilege into ManageFinancials by clicking the button, with removal just a click away using the button.


When a privilege is included within another:

  • Its name appears below the initial privilege that included it.
  • The privilege is highlighted in the tags.
  • The icon indicates that permissions are inherited.
  • Hovering over the icon reveals the privilege from which they are inherited.

Upon successful inclusion, the ManageFinancials privilege inherits permissions from its counterpart, the ManageReports privilege, while retaining the delete permission exclusive to the ManageFinancials privilege.